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DimethylFormamide

DimethylFormamide

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Dimethylformamide is an organic compound with the formula₂NC(O)H. Commonly abbreviated as DMF, this colourless liquid is miscible with water and the majority of organic liquids. DMF is a common solvent for chemical reactions. Dimethylformamide is odorless whereas technical grade or degraded samples often have a fishy smell due to impurity of dimethylamine. As its name indicates, it is a derivative of formamide, the amide of formic acid. DMF is a polar aprotic solvent with a high boiling point. It facilitates reactions that follow polar mechanisms, such as SN2 reactions.

  • Density: 0.94 g/cm³ (0.55 oz/in³)
  • Boiling point: 153 °C
  • Chemical formula: C₃H₇NO
  • Average Molar mass: 73.09 g/mol
  • Melting point: -61 °C
  • IUPAC ID: N,N-Dimethylmethanamide