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Acetic Acid

Acetic Acid

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Acetic acid, systematically named ethanoic acid, is a colourless liquid organic compound with the chemical formula CH₃COOH. When undiluted, it is sometimes called glacial acetic acid. Vinegar is roughly 3–9% acetic acid by volume, making acetic acid the main component of vinegar apart from water. Acetic acid has a distinctive sour taste and pungent smell. In addition to household vinegar, it is mainly produced as a precursor to polyvinyl acetate and cellulose acetate. It is classified as a weak acid since it only partially dissociates in solution, but concentrated acetic acid is corrosive and can attack the skin.

  • Chemical formula: C₂H₄O₂
  • Density: 1.05 g/cm³ (0.61 oz/in³)
  • Boiling point: 118 °C
  • Average Molar mass: 60.05 g/mol
  • Melting point: 16 °C
  • May treat: Swimmer's ear